Coffee roasts can vary greatly in flavor and aroma, and are often named and categorized based on their color and characteristics. There are four main categories of coffee roasts:
Light roasts: These roasts are light brown in color and have a milder flavor. They are often preferred for milder coffee varieties, and do not have any oil on their surface because they are not roasted for long enough for the oils to break through. Examples of light roasts include Light City, Half City, and Cinnamon.
Medium roasts: Medium roasts are medium brown in color and have a stronger flavor than light roasts. They also have a non-oily surface, and are sometimes referred to as American roasts because they are popular in the United States. Examples of medium roasts include City, American, and Breakfast.
Medium-dark roasts: These roasts are rich and dark in color, with some oil on their surface and a slight bittersweet aftertaste. Examples of medium-dark roasts include Full City.
Dark roasts: Dark roasts are shiny and black, with an oily surface and a pronounced bitterness. They have less acidity than lighter roasts, and can range from slightly dark to charred in color. Examples of dark roasts include High, Continental, New Orleans, European, Espresso, Viennese, Italian, and French.
It's important to ask about the specifics of a roast before purchasing coffee beans, as the differences between them can be significant. Understanding the various roasts and their characteristics can help you make an informed decision and find the perfect coffee for your preferences.